Faith-Based And Church PPP Loans – Easter Week has been adapted directly from this morning’s SBA’S FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS REGARDING PARTICIPATION OF FAITH-BASED ORGANIZATIONS IN THE PAYCHECK PROTECTION PROGRAM (PPP) INCLUDING THE ECONOMIC INJURY DISASTER LOAN PROGRAM (EIDL)
This federal communication confirms our Nation’s willingness to stand in unity regardless of race, color, religion or creed.
Here’s a summary of the SBA’s FAQ:
Yes, and we additionally clarify that faith-based organizations are eligible to receive SBA loans regardless of whether they provide secular social services. That is, no otherwise eligible organization will be disqualified from receiving a loan because of the religious nature, religious identity, or religious speech of the organization. The requirements in certain SBA regulations—13 C.F.R. 120.110(k) and 123.301(g)—impermissibly exclude some religious entities. Because those regulations bar the participation of a class of potential recipients based solely on their religious status, SBA will decline to enforce these subsections and will propose amendments to conform those regulations to the Constitution. Although 13 C.F.R. 120.110(a) states that nonprofit entities are ineligible for SBA business loans (which includes the PPP program), the CARES Act explicitly makes nonprofit entities eligible for the PPP program and it does so without regard to whether nonprofit entities provide secular social services.
Only the same limitations that apply to all other recipients of these loans (such as that loan forgiveness will cover non-payroll costs only to a maximum of 25% of the total loan to a recipient). The PPP and EIDL loan programs are neutral, generally applicable loan programs that provide support for nonprofit organizations without regard to whether they are religious or secular. The CARES Act has provided those program funds as part of the efforts to respond to the economic dislocation threatened by the COVID-19 public health emergency. Under these circumstances, the Establishment Clause does not place any additional restrictions on how faith-based organizations may use the loan proceeds received through either the PPP or the EIDL loan program. See, e.g., Religious Restrictions on Capital Financing for Historically Black Colleges and Universities, 43 Op. O.L.C. __, *7–15 (Aug. 15, 2019); Authority of FEMA to Provide Disaster Assistance to Seattle Hebrew Academy, 26 Op. O.L.C. 114, 122–32 (2002). In addition, the CARES Act does not impose unique burdens or limitations on faith-based organizations. In particular, loans under the program can be used to pay the salaries of ministers and other staff engaged in the religious mission of institutions.
Do organizations have to request and receive tax exempt status or just meet the requirements of 501(c)(3) status to be eligible?
Churches (including temples, mosques, synagogues, and other houses of worship), integrated auxiliaries of churches, and conventions or associations of churches qualify for PPP and EIDL loans as long as they meet the requirements of Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, and all other PPP and EIDL requirements. Such organizations are not required to apply to the IRS to receive tax-exempt status. See 26 U.S.C. 508(c)(1)(A).
No. Receipt of a loan through any SBA program does not (1) limit the authority of religious organizations to define the standards, responsibilities, and duties of membership; (2) limit the freedom of religious organizations to select individuals to perform work connected to that organization’s religious exercise; nor (3) constitute waiver of any rights under federal law, including rights protecting religious autonomy and exercise under the Religious Freedom Restoration Act of 1993 (RFRA), 42 U.S.C. 2000b et seq., Section 702 of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. 2000e-1(a), or the First Amendment.
Simply put, a faith-based organization that receives a loan will retain its independence, autonomy, right of expression, religious character, and authority over its governance, and no faith-based organization will be excluded from receiving funding because leadership with, membership in, or employment by that organization is limited to persons who share its religious faith and practice.
Receipt of a loan through any SBA program constitutes Federal financial assistance and carries with it the application of certain nondiscrimination obligations. Any legal obligations that you incur through your receipt of this loan are not permanent, and once the loan is paid or forgiven, those nondiscrimination obligations will no longer apply. Consistent with certain federal nondiscrimination laws, SBA regulations provide that the recipient may not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, handicap, age, or national origin with regard to goods, services, or accommodations offered. 13 C.F.R. 113.3(a). But SBA regulations also make clear that these nondiscrimination requirements do not limit a faith-based entity’s autonomy with respect to membership or employment decisions connected to its religious exercise. 13 C.F.R. 113.3-1(h). And as discussed in Question 4, SBA recognizes the various protections for religious freedom enshrined in the Constitution and federal law that are not altered or waived by receipt of Federal financial assistance.
SBA therefore clarifies that its regulations apply with respect to goods, services, or accommodations offered generally to the public by recipients of these loans, but not to a faith-based organization’s ministry activities within its own faith community. For example, SBA’s regulations will require a faith-based organization that operates a restaurant or thrift store open to the public to serve the public without regard to the protected traits listed above. But SBA’s regulations do not apply to limit a faith-based organization’s ability to distribute food or clothing exclusively to its own members or co-religionists. Indeed, SBA will not apply its nondiscrimination regulations in a way that imposes substantial burdens on the religious exercise of faith-based loan recipients, such as by applying those regulations to the performance of church ordinances, sacraments, or religious practices, unless such application is the least restrictive means of furthering a compelling governmental interest. Congress enacted the CARES Act to afford swift and sweeping stopgap relief to Americans who might otherwise lose their jobs or businesses because of the economic hardships wrought by the response to the COVID-19 public health emergency, and SBA has a compelling interest in fulfilling that mandate to provide assistance broadly.
Not necessarily. Under SBA’s regulations, an affiliation may arise among entities in various ways, including from common ownership, common management, or identity of interest. 13 C.F.R. 121.103 and 121.301. These regulations are applicable to applicants for PPP loans. (They also apply to the EIDL program when determining certain loan terms, although aggregating the number of employees of affiliated organizations does not affect eligibility for EIDL loans.) Some faith-based organizations likely would qualify as “affiliated” with other entities under the applicable affiliation rules. Entities that are affiliated according to SBA’s affiliation rules must add up their employee numbers in determining whether they have 500 or fewer employees. But regulations must be applied consistent with constitutional and statutory religious freedom protections. If the connection between your organization and another entity that would constitute an affiliation is based on a religious teaching or belief or is otherwise a part of the exercise of religion, your organization qualifies for an exemption from the affiliation rules. For example, if your faith-based organization affiliates with another organization because of your organization’s religious beliefs about church authority or internal constitution, or because the legal, financial, or other structural relationships between your organization and other organizations reflect an expression of such beliefs, your organization would qualify for the exemption. If, however, your faith-based organization is affiliated with other organizations solely for non-religious reasons, such as administrative convenience, then your organization would be subject to the affiliation rules. SBA will not assess, and will not permit participating lenders to assess, the reasonableness of the faith-based organization’s good-faith determination that this exception applies.
No specific process or detailed filing is necessary to claim the benefit of this exemption. If you believe that your organization qualifies for this exemption to the affiliation rules, you should submit with your loan application a separate sheet stating as much. That sheet may be identified as addendum A, and no further listing of the other organizations with which your organization is affiliated, or description of the relationship to those organizations, is required. You are not required to describe your religious beliefs. A sample “Addendum A” is attached to this document, but you may choose to write your own. Your statement can be very simple.
SBA’s size standards can be found at 13 CFR 121.201. Under the CARES Act, a non-profit organization qualifies as small, and is eligible for assistance, if (1) it has no more than 500 employees or (2) the NAICS code associated with its primary industry has a higher employee-based size standard. Some industries—including “religious organizations”—are currently listed in the size standards table with a monetary cap on annual receipts rather than an employee-based size standards cap. For nonprofit organizations whose primary industry is listed with a monetary cap on annual receipts, the size standards table therefore cannot be used to determine eligibility for the PPP program. Faith-based nonprofit organizations that do not fall under a primary industry that is listed with an employee-based size standard must have 500 employees or fewer to be considered small.
Faith-Based And Church PPP Loans – Palm Sunday reinforces the strength of civil society.
Faith-Based And Church PPP Loans – Palm Sunday confirms our Nation’s willingness to stand together regardless of race, color, religion or creed.
The Applicant claims an exemption from all SBA affiliation rules applicable to Paycheck Protection Program loan eligibility because the Applicant has made a reasonable, good faith determination that the Applicant qualifies for a religious exemption under 13 C.F.R. 121.103(b)(10), which says that “[t]he relationship of a faith-based organization to another organization is not considered an affiliation with the other organization . . . if the relationship is based on a religious teaching or belief or otherwise constitutes a part of the exercise of religion.”
Faith-Based And Church PPP Loans – Easter Week was adapted from SBA’S FAQ Regarding Faith-Based Organizations
Faith-Based And Church PPP Loans – Easter Week was first posted at INSIDE CHARITY
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Good Morning Dear Ministers, Pastors & Friends,
I will be considering you today, tomorrow and these many special days to come celebrating Palm Sunday, Maundy Thursday, Good Friday, Holy Saturday and Resurrection Sunday. Our Heavenly Father’s GIFT OF ATONEMENT will be made true via His Son’s empty grave. TO GOD BE THE GLORY FOR ALL THE GREAT THINGS HE HAS DONE.
Because He Lives,
Thanks for keeping us all informed Jimmy!
Be safe Ryan. We’re big champions of Ryan Moor and Builders International.
On the PPP Form, who is the owner of the church?
Often the Trustees are in charge of things like loans.
If you are referring to the question on the PPP application, my bank told me to leave that part blank. I haven’t completed the application yet, so not sure if that works or not.
Now I have worked through the application and it would not let me leave the ownership part blank, but had a message that if you were a faith based entity, then fill in the information for the person(s) authorized to apply for the loan. I had to stop working on the application because I got to the point Of uploading the required documents they wanted and I didn’t have them scanned and ready yet because I didn’t know what they were going to require. Unfortunately, it doesn’t save your application so I will have to do it all again now that I have the documents scanned and ready to upload.
We’ve had one nonprofit let us know that their lender required them to provide each board member’s name and social security number as the group of “owners” for their charity.
At a special meeting, our Church Council authorized me to apply for the loan and sign all papers. I will upload a scanned copy of the minutes along with other required documentation. I am church treasurer.
Thanks for the update Gayla. We’re all benefiting from your continued contribution to this effort. Look forward to hearing more about your process.
Did you find out who the owner is on the ppp form? I have the same question. Thank you
“Owner” for nonprofit is determined by each individual lender.
If a faith based 501c3 childcare program, which operates August through May each year (following State/Local school calendar), is there an exception to the 8 week time period for employee retainment/pay? Our organization pays teachers salary 9 months out of the year, pay FICA, formal payroll, W2 employees (not contract 1099s). If the PPP loan we may receive looks at the summer months for forgiveness at 8 weeks from origination, although needed to pay salary for this April and May due to being closed (no tuition revenue), we are concerned the loan will not be forgiven. Any guidance would be greatly appreciated
We understand that your PPP SBA Approved Lender will want to see your payroll register for all of 2019. That should include your seasonal employees. As to the second part of your question we believe (though we do not know for sure) that their may be an extension to the 8 weeks. Congress is considering CARES ACT II right now.
While awaiting a bank decision on our loan can we also apply to another bank in the event the otherbank does not loan us the money?
I wouldn’t. It is the SBA that is loaning the money, the bank is just the loan officer. Just saying…..
Though we can make no formal recommendations conventional wisdom says if you’ve actually APPLIED SUCCESSFULLY you probably don’t want to muddy the waters by applying elsewhere.
After completing the application, I did not see a reference to submit nor save. What should I do?
We’ll need some more explanation/information in order to respond to your query. Your question is a first for us.
Do you know of any churches who have applied, been approved and received funding for PPP yet?
We just heard this morning from a pastor in Alabama who successfully received their loan monies using a local community bank.
Thanks for the quick response! Glad to hear!
Is it necessary to have a special church congregational meeting before applying for PPP loan? Since churches are non profit and depend on parishioner donations?
The answer to this question is most likely based on your church by-laws (how your ministry operates.) The SBA approved lender will only require contact information from one agent from your church to complete the process.
Hi, my church is considering to apply for PPP. We have 1 full-time pastor and 2 part-time pastors and they all receive 1099. Are they considered as employees for us to be eligible to apply for PPP? Appreciate your help!